Document Type : Case Study
Faculty of Mining, Petroleum & Geophysics Engineering, Shahrood University of Technology, Shahrood, Iran
The extraction behavior of Cu(II) ions from a real sulfate liquor obtained from the heap leaching stage of a copper oxide ore was investigated using a chelating reagent, Chemorex CP-150 in kerosene. A comparative study was also carried out on the extraction capability of Cu(II) ions using other solvents including D2EHPA and Cyanex 272.Chemorex CP-150 demonstrated an effective and selective extraction performance of copper with the amount of extracted Fe less than 15%. Also the results obtained indicated that more than 66.4% and 96.99% of Cu were transferred to the organic phase in a single extraction stage using 15% (v/v) Chemorex CP-150 at the A:O phase ratios of 1:1 and 1:4, respectively. In addition, the McCabe-Thiele diagram exhibited that two extraction stages were required to achieve the maximum amount of Cu at a 1:1 phase ratio under the optimal conditions (25 °C, pH 2.5, and 20 min contact time). Also, thermodynamic data proved that the extraction process was slightly endothermic (ΔH = 7.62 kJ/mol), indicating the relatively smaller heat effects on the formation of a single complex species (CuR2). Stripping of copper from the loaded organic phase was also conducted, and it was found that ~99.38% copper could be recovered using 165 g/L H2SO4 at a 2:1 A:O phase ratio after 5 minutes stripping.