This paper describes a preliminary study of the adsorption of toxic elements from synthetic wastewater in a batch mode. Clay minerals have been highly considered as inexpensive available adsorbents that adapt with the environment due to a special level and a high potential of adsorption. In the present research work,
low-cost natural minerals of speiolite from the Iliato mine (located in NE Iran) and zeolite from the Aftar mine (located in north of Iran) are used to remove nickel(II), antimony(III), and arsenic(V) from synthetic wastewater. The adsorption experiments are conducted by varying the initial concentrations of the elements, pH values, adsorption times, and adsorbent dosage. The experimental isotherm data is analyzed using the Langmuir and Freundlich equations. Concerning a higher Langmuir coefficient R2 in nickel and antimony, the mechanism of adsorption of these elements is mono-layer and homogenous. Based on the Freundlich model, adsorption of arsenic is multi-layer and heterogeneous. The kinetic studies show that the Ni, Sb, and As adsorption mechanism is well-described by a pseudo-second-order kinetic model. The thermodynamic parameters indicate that the adsorption process has an exothermic character and is more feasible with decreasing temperature. Based on the experimental results, it can be concluded that natural sepiolite and zeolite has the potential of application as an efficient adsorbent for the removal of toxic elements from synthetic wastewater.