Document Type : Case Study


1 Mineral Processing Group, Vali-e-Asr University of Rafsanjan, Rafsanjan, Iran

2 Kashigar Mineral Processing Research Center, Shahid Bahonar University of Kerman, Kerman, Iran

3 Mining Engineering Department, Shahid Bahonar University of Kerman, Kerman, Iran


Liner design has become an increasingly more important tool for the AG/SAG mill performance optimization. The Sarcheshmeh copper complex concentration plant uses a SAG mill lined with 48 rows of Hi-Low type liners. Because of breakage of Low type liners and cold welding, the liner replacement task of Low with new Hi type liners has become very difficult and time-consuming. With the objective of finding a new design for liners, numerical (3D DEM; discrete element method) simulation and physical modelling in a laboratory mill were used. It was found that changing the liner type from Hi-Low to Hi-Hi could provide an appropriate charge trajectory. The new Hi-Hi type shell liners were designed, manufactured, and installed. With the new liners, the number of broken liners over liner life reduced from 6 to 0 piece, the total changing time for one liner decreased from 21 to 16 minutes, and no cold welding of shell liners was observed. Comparison of the feed rate before and after installation of the new liners for a period of liner life showed an increase from 750 to 850 t/h, which was indicative of a higher flexibility of the mill in encountering ore hardness variations.


Main Subjects