Document Type : Original Research Paper


1 Mining Engineering Department, Engineering Faculty, Imam Khomeini International University, Qazvin, Iran

2 Faculty of Mining, Petroleum & Geophysics Engineering, Shahrood University of Technology, Shahrood, Iran


The appropriate operating of mining machines is affected by both the executive and environmental factors. Considering the effects and the related risks lead to a better understanding of the failures of such machines. This leads to a proper prediction of the reliability parameters of such machines. In this research work, the reliability and maintainability analysis of the loading and haulage machines in the Sungun Copper Mine, considering the repair condition as multiple repairable units, was performed. For this purpose, the data necessary for the loading and haulage equipment including 2 loaders and 8 dump trucks for a 15-month period was collected and categorized in 10 operational units after the system and sub-systems of the department were determined. Initially, the time between failures (TBFs) and time to repair (TTR) for each unit was calculated. Then 20 sub-systems were developed. Primarily, the Stata software was utilized to carry out the heterogeneity test for all the sub-systems. In consequence, most of the sub-systems were regarded as the heterogeneous ones, except for 7 of them including the dump truck units 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 7, and 8 in TBFs. Hence, "PHM" that is a covariate-based model displayed the heterogeneous group. Its reliability function was also estimated. For the next step, the trend tests were done on the non-heterogeneous sub-systems by means of the Minitab software. The homogeneous sub-systems with failure trend were modeled by “NHPP”. Afterwards, the non-trended sub-systems formed the data group. Later, the correlation tests were modeled by “HPP”. Finally, the reliability and maintainability functions were calculated with the 95% confidence level.


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