Document Type : Original Research Paper
1 Department of Petroleum and Mining Engineering, Islamic Azad University, South Tehran Branch, Tehran, Iran
2 Department of Mining Engineering, Islamic Azad University, Shahrood Branch, Shahrood, Iran
3 Department of Mining Engineering, Islamic Azad University, Lahijan Branch, Lahijan, Iran
In this paper, we present an integrated model to find the optimum size of blast block that uses (i) a multi-criteria decision-making method to specify the applicable size of the mineable block; (ii) a linear programming method for the selection of the blasted areas to be excavated and in deciding the quantity of ores and wastes to be mined from each one of the selected blocks. These two methods use improved estimates of the orebody characteristics utilizing the blast hole data in addition to the usual borehole statistics to improve the prediction accuracy of the block level ore body characteristics. This work aims to make a mathematical model to figure out the ideal width and length of the blast block in order to curtail drilling and blasting expenses in open-pit mines. As a consequence, the effective blast block size is heeded so as to decrease the expenses of drilling and blasting. Furthermore, a complete set of actual principles is presented to specify the applicable size of the mineable block by means of the multi-criteria decision-making method of fuzzy logic. The aforementioned model is practiced to forecast the block size necessary for the purpose of production planning. Next, a mixed integer programming model is developed to blast planning in order to select the optimal size of the blast block by considering the mineable block. The proposed model is applied in the Chadormalu iron ore mine and the rationality of the model is demonstrated by the outcomes of dissimilar circumstances.