Document Type : Original Research Paper


Faculty of Mining and Metallurgical Engineering, Amirkabir University of Technology, Tehran, Iran


In several uranium (U) prospecting projects in Iran, particularly Central Iran, the association and enrichment of rare earth elements (REEs) are known as the usual features. Sometimes the association of REEs and U with high economic perspective has caused that the relation between the rare earth and radioactive elements is taken into consideration in other types of mineralization, and if there is any relation, radioactivity will be applied in the exploration of REEs. In the current work, sampling from Baghak anomaly in the Sangan mines is carried out based on the radioactivity and radiation measurement methods (as the optimal sampling pattern). In fact, the goal of this work is to survey the presence or absence of such a relation in a skarn mine, which is a different case study from Central Iran. In the case of presence, this will lead to a new exploration method and sampling pattern for REEs. The mineralogical studies (based on the optical and electronic microscopic observations), statistical investigations, and geochemical analyses are applied in this research work. The results obtained from the statistical studies show that the Baghak anomaly due to involving a significant amount of U, Ce, and La and a high concentration of REEs can be considered as one of the important mines. Spider diagrams and their geochemical investigations include the features that are typical of the subduction-related magmas in the calcalkaline volcanic arcs of the continental active margins. The chondrite-normalized REE pattern shows the enrichment of LREE, and a positive pattern close to flat HREE due to the entry of LREE ions into the allanites network. The mineralogical study results also confirm that REEs (especially Ce) are accumulated as a solid solution in the allanite minerals. Moreover, from the mineralogical, geochemical, and statistical analyses, it can be observed that in addition to the presence of such a relation in the mentioned mineralization (Central Iran mineralizations), there is an acceptable correlation between these elements in the Baghak iron-skarn mineralization. Eventually, it can be said that the idea and introduced method for the exploration of REEs in this work could present a new viewpoint to the decision-makers of this industry.


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