Document Type : Case Study


Department of water engineering and management, School of Engineering & Technology,Central University of Jharkhand, Ranchi, India


This work illustrates the impact of excessive mining on the precipitation trends and ground water condition of the Ramgarh district over a period of 12 years (2007-2018). The Landsat 8 and Landsat TM- 5 data is processed under Arc-GIS in order to compare the LULC maps. Out of 7 classified classes, the Results obtained indicate the expansion of the mining area, barren land, settlement, and water body by 10.95%, 10.07%, 3.44%, and 0.43%, while a reduction in the forest, fallow, and crop land by 11.24%, 11.31%, and 2.34% respectively. The TRMM 3B43 data is used to trace out the annual precipitation values of 5 selected raster location points through Arc GIS. The annual precipitation under the mining regions (lower Mandu, Ramgarh, Bhurkunda) shows a decreasing trend. The Mann-Kendall test and Sen’s slope estimator method is used in order to evaluate the ground water pattern in the pre- and post-monsoonal conditions. The Mandu block, the densest mining region of the district with the positive Z values of 1.714 and 0.137 in the pre- and post- monsoon period shows a decrease in the ground water level at the rates of 0.103 m/year and 0.017 m/year, respectively. The continuous rise in the mining activities has created an alarming shift of weather pattern and deteriorated ground water table in Ramgarh.


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