Document Type : Original Research Paper


1 Department of Mining of Mineral Deposits, State Higher Education Establishment Donetsk National Technical University, Pokrovsk, Ukraine

2 Language Training Department, State Higher Education Establishment Donetsk National Technical University, Pokrovsk, Ukraine

3 Department of Organization and Production Automation, Technical University Metinvest Polytechnic, Mariupol, Ukraine

4 Department of Applied Mechanic, State Higher Education Establishment Donetsk National Technical University, Pokrovsk, Ukraine


In this work, we focus on the technology of stabilizing roof rocks by constructing separate rock supports reinforced with metal grids. Their parameters are specified using the results of physical structural modeling. The reinforced and non-reinforced rock supports with different fractional compositions are arranged and tested. Their initial shapes are similar to rectangular parallelepipeds with the base width-to-length ratios of 1:1, 1:1.5, and 1:2. Their shrinkage is determined by loading the supports regarding the rock particle size and the reinforcement density. Increasing the reinforcement density leads to reducing the linear dimensions without losing load-bearing capacity. It is proved that using the grids conduces the self-wedging of the rock particles. They are most effective at the initial stage of the formation of the load-bearing core. The exponential power dependence of the relative support shrinkage on the grid partitions number is obtained. The bearing core sizes in different supports are determined. For the non-reinforced supports, the core width is about 60% of the initial support width, and for the reinforced ones, it is about 90%. The exponential dependence of the core width-to-height ratio on the number of grid partitions is established. The expression for determining the reinforced support width is obtained. The support stability depends on the smallest initial base size. The size of the rock material has a little effect on the shrinkage. Reinforcement by three metal grids leads to reducing the pliability by 21% and 24% for the supports with the side ratios of 1:1 and 2:1, respectively.


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