Document Type : Original Research Paper


Department of Mining Engineering, School of Petroleum, Civil and Mining Eng, Amirkabir University of Technology, Tehran, Iran


The main purpose of this work is modeling the dispersion of the sarin gas in a subway station in a hypothetical scenario. The dispersion is modeled using the CFD approach. In the analysis of the environmental conditions of the underground spaces, the only factor that draws a distinction between a subway station and other spaces is the train piston effect. Therefore, the present research work models the sarin dispersion in the two general cases of with and without a train in the subway system. About 0.5 L of sarin is assumed to be released through the main air handling unit (AHU) of the station. The results obtained show that in the case with no train service in the station, after 20 minutes of sarin release, the concentration and dose of sarin in the station will be 8.9 mg/m3 and 80 mg minute/m3, respectively, and these values are highly dangerous and lethal, and would have severely adverse effects on many individuals, and lead to death. This is highly important, especially when the effect of ventilation chambers at the ground level is taken into consideration. The results obtained also show that the train piston effect reduces the concentration and dose of sarin in the station so that when train arrival at and departure from the station, the sarin dose considerably reduces to 25 mg min/m3 after the release, and contributes to lower casualties. Finally, the results obtained show that time is a key factor to save lives in the management of such incidents.


Main Subjects

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