Document Type : Original Research Paper

Authors

1 Geology Department, Faculty of Science, Fayoum University

2 Geology department, Faculty of Science, Cairo University, Giza, Egypt

3 Geology Department, Faculty of Science , Fayoum University

10.22044/jme.2023.12628.2294

Abstract

The northwestern margin of the Red Sea is developed as several rift-related fault blocks. These fault blocks comprise two mega tectono-stratigrahicsuccessions; the Pre-riftsuccessioncould be sub-divided intothe Precambrian Basement rocks and theUpperCretaceous-Lower Eocenedeposits,whilst the Syn-rift sequence includesthe Oligocene to Quaternary deposits. Lithologic differentiation of these rock units being encountered in thestudied area is accomplishedutilizing different remote sensing imagery enhancement techniques of the OLI data (Landsat-8) aided with field verification. Spectral signature analysis of different rock units, false-color composite, band-ratio, principle component analysis, minimum noise fraction, and independent component analysis are powerful tools in discrimination of the main rock units.The maximum likelihood distance supervised classificationtechnique is a robust tool in the identification of the contact between the different rock units. Radiometrically terrain corrected (RTC) DEM data extracted from PALSAR with a spatial resolution of 12.5m is utilized for the construction of a 3D perspective view image of the studied area. The present study offers a unique method for lithologic discrimination of main rock unitsutilizing OLI images, and introduces an enhanced high-resolution structural map of the studied area aided with field verification.

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