Document Type : Review Paper


Department of Civil Engineering, Chandigarh University, Mohali, India


The highway contributes significantly to human existence by providing safe, dependable, and cost-effective services that are environmentally friendly and promote economic progress. Highway projects need extensive planning to prevent work revisions, save time and cost, and increase job efficiency. Without a doubt, Highway transportation system must be constantly updated to keep up with technology breakthroughs, environmental change, and rising client needs. Incorporating Remote Sensing (RS) and Geographic Information Systems (GISs) has the potential to go beyond the limitations of RS, which typically collects information about the earth and its peripheries from space, and does not alter, analyze, calculate, query or display geographic engineering maps. Over the last few decades, the fusion of RS and GIS has shown promise, and the researchers are employing it in different stages of the Highway Planning and Development Process (HPDP) such as optimal route analysis, geometric design, operation and management, traffic modeling, accident analysis, and environmental impact analysis (noise pollutions, air pollutions). This paper gives an overall review of the use of RS and GIS on HPDP at various stages of their lifecycles.


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