Document Type : Original Research Paper


Department of Civil Engineering, Chandigarh University, Gharuan, Punjab, India


Land surface temperature (LST) is one of the most important geological features of any area in the present times. During the study, the information regarding the land surface temperature is calculated using the Arc-GIS software. The LANDSAT 8 (2022) and LANDSAT 4-5 (2001 and 2011) satellite images are used for the calculation of LST. From the LST maps of years 2001 and 2011, a significant rise is noticed; this is due to the rapid increment in the population of the said area. A gradual increment in the LST is present between the second period of 2011-2022. A connection between the LST and the specific humidity has also been drawn in this aspect. The specific humidity in the region has seen a significant increment in the concerned time period. Overall, it is observed that the LST of the area has increased rapidly from the -12 ˚C minimum temperature in 2001 to 27 ˚C in 2022; this is because of the human activity in the area, which has ultimately catered towards the degradation of the climatic condition and environment like LST.