Document Type : Original Research Paper


Civil Engineering Department, National Institute of Technology Hamirpur, Himachal Pradesh, India


This study highlights the results from a series of analytical model experiments that investigate the behaviour of a strip footing supported by hollow steel piles installed to stabilize a clay slope. The effects of changing the pile diameter, pile length, spacing between piles, slope angle, the position of the pile row from the top of slope, and the footing placement are all examined. After determining the load-carrying capacity of unstabilized slopes, it is compared with the load-carrying capacity of stabilized slopes. The results are then analysed to see how each parameter affects the load carrying capacity of strip footing. The results of unstabilized cases reveal that the load carrying capacity of a footing decreases as the slope angle increases and increases when the footing is positioned away from the slope. In addition, the findings imply that by reinforcing clay slope with a sequence of hollow steel piles significantly enhances the load carrying capacity of strip footing. As the distance between piles is decreased and their length is increased, the bearing capacity of the footing increases, and this improvement is enhanced by increasing the diameter of the piles. When the row of pile is positioned away from the top of the slope, the footing’s load carrying capacity decreases. Also positioning the footing a quite distance apart from the crest slope shows reduction in bearing capacity ratio.


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