Document Type : Original Research Paper


1 Department of Geological Engineering, Balikesir University, Balikesir, Turkey.

2 Department of Civil Engineering, NIT Patna, Patna, Bihar, India.

3 Graduate School of Natural and Applied Sciences, Balikesir University, Balikesir, Turkey.

4 Department of City and Regional Planning, Faculty of Architecture Gazi University, Ankara Turkey.

5 Torbalı Vocational School, Dokuz Eylul University, Izmir, Turkey.

6 Department of Mining and Mineral Extraction, Balikesir Vocational School, Balikesir University, Balikesir, Turkey.



Balikesir province Akcay district (Biga Peninsula, South Marmara Region, Turkey); the studied area is located on the southern branch of the North Anatolian Fault Zone, where some earthquake, 1867 Edremit (Mw =7.0), 1919 Ayvalik-Sarmisakli (Mw = 7.0), 1944 Edremit (Mw =6.4) and 1953 Yenice (Mw = 7.2) earthquakes occurred in the historical and the instrumental period. In the said area, generally, the groundwater level is high and sandy soils are widespread. In this study, therefore topography, depth of groundwater table and soil characteristics of the said area were investigated in terms of susceptibility to liquefaction. In addition, the safety factor against liquefaction (FL) for the soil layers were determined by using simple procedure based on SPT-N values. Then the spatial distributions of the safety factor at 3 m, 6 m, 9 m, 12 m, 15 m and 18 m depths were obtained. Taking into considering FL values obtained, the liquefaction potential index and the liquefaction severity index of soil profile in the location of boring were calculated, then the spatial distributions of these index were obtained. According to the maps obtained, 5.8% of the studied area has low liquefaction potential, 10.7% medium liquefaction potential, 18.3% high liquefaction potential, and 53.8% very high liquefaction potential, and 22.7% of the study area has very low liquefaction severity, 17.1% low liquefaction severity, 47.7% moderate liquefaction severity, and 1.1% high liquefaction severity and 11.4% of the studied area has none-liquefiable soil. 


Main Subjects

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