Document Type : Case Study


1 School of Mining Engineering, College of Engineering, University of Tehran, Tehran, Iran.

2 Bonyan Zamin Paydar Consulting Engineers, Tehran, Iran.



Landslides are defined as the downward movement of a portion of land materials under the direct influence of gravity. Landslides would get triggered by a wide spectrum of initiative factors such as earthquakes as a site effect of that event. In the vicinity of Tehran, significant historical earthquakes have occurred; therefore, tracing them could enhance the Tehran’s historical earthquake catalogue, due to the reason Tehran is a metropolitan and capital of Iran. However, paleoseismology could not determine the magnitude and seismic characteristics of historical earthquakes. Mobarak Abad landslide is a large and historical landslide located on Haraz road, a vital artery connecting Tehran to the Mazandaran Province, and there are significant faults like Mosha, North Alborz, and Khazar in its neighborhood. Hence, it is probable that this landslide occurred due to the generation of dynamic force resulting from an earthquake. Therefore, in this study, the geometrical characteristics of the landslide were measured by field surveying. Then with the empirical equations proposed by various researchers, we estimated the landslide volume and the magnitude of the corresponding earthquake, respectively. In the following, the epicenter and hypocenter of all the historical earthquakes within 200 kilometers of the landslide were identified. Then we utilized some conditions such as Keefer's graphs, error value in epicenter location, and peak ground acceleration to omit earthquakes and identify the corresponding earthquake event. The results demonstrate that two earthquakes of 1830 AD and 855 AD with a maximum acceleration of 0.16g are more probable than the 743 AD earthquake.


Main Subjects

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