Geosites and their contents including minerals, fossils, etc. can strongly represent the history of a region. They greatly help our understanding of the evolution of Earth, volcanic activities, plate tectonics, and the characteristics of different environments. These are some of the vital information about 4500 million years of the Earth's life, and are our common international heritage. Geoconservation’s main purpose is the protection of geosites as major units of geoheritage, and this principle is achieved through the application of specific methods such as indexing geological phenomena, assessment, preservation, valuation, and estimating the importance of each geosite, as well as monitoring (or watching these phenomena). In this paper, geoconservation is introduced as a specialized and essential branch of geological science, which is currently under development. Therefore, geoconservation principles are presented here, and their relation to other geosciences is discussed. In addition, through scientific and cultural education related to sustainable development (in regard to the geoscience), citizens can be informed that lack of conserving natural resources would reduce geo-resources, and on the other hand, is a serious threat to geoheritage of the planet Earth. This crucial subject can be achieved by making information available and by teaching skills by which making prospective and correct decisions is possible.