Document Type : Original Research Paper


1 PhD Candidate in Rock mechanics, Department of Mining and Metallurgical Engineering, Yazd University, Yazd, Iran.

2 Department of Mining and Metallurgy, Yazd University, Iran

3 Yazd University, Department of Mining & Metallurgical Engineering, Yazd, Iran

4 Shahrood University of Technology



The stability analysis of chain pillars is crucial, especially as coal extraction rates increase, making it essential to reduce the size of these pillars. Therefore, a new method for estimating the load on chain pillars holds significant importance. This research introduces a novel solution for estimating side abutment load and analyzing the stability of chain pillars using the dynamic mode of the Coulmann Graphical (CG) method. The solution is implemented using Visual Studio software and is named Coulmann Chain Pillar Stability Analysis (CCPSA). The CG method is widely recognized in civil engineering as a highly efficient technique for determining soil side abutment pressure in both static and dynamic conditions. This method involves calculating the top-rupture wedge of chain pillars using the CG method. The CCPSA software functions share significant similarities with those of the Analysis Longwall Pillar Stability (ALPS) method. However, the main point of departure between the proposed method and the ALPS empirical method lies in their respective approaches to calculating side abutment load on chain pillars and evaluating subsidence conditions. The effectiveness of this method has been validated using a database of chain pillars from various mines worldwide and has been compared with the ALPS method. The results of the comparison demonstrate that the CCPSA is highly effective in evaluating chain pillar stability. This underscores the potential of the CG method and CCPSA software in providing valuable insights for assessing and ensuring the stability of chain pillars in mining operations.


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