Document Type : Original Research Paper


University Of Kashan



The main and economic mineral of antimony is stibnite or antimony sulfide, and the research and processes in the world are based on it, and oxide minerals are not considered among the economic and important reserves of antimony due to the difficulty of processing and the lack of optimal efficiency of the flotation method. On the other hand, taking into account that a large part of the antimony reserve of Sefidabeh is made up of low-grade oxidized ore; this research on the method of economic extraction and the possibility of recovering this type of reserve will be important due to the strategic nature of antimony metal. According to the experiments conducted in this research, the effective parameters for flotation include: pH, collector concentration, activator concentration, depressant concentration, activator type, and humic acid concentration. DX7 software was used for statistical modeling of experiments. Based on the above parameters, the design of the experiment was carried out using a partial factorial method and finally the number of 16 experiments was determined for the effect of the above factors on the grade and weight recovery of the sample. Antimony ore flotation with a grade of 4.32% was carried out in a two-stage method. In this method, in the first stage, flotation of antimony sulfur (stibnite, Sb2S3) was performed at a specific pH by adding the activator of copper sulfate or lead nitrate and the depressant together, potassium amyl xanthate collector and MIBC. In the second stage of flotation, the tailings of the first stage of flotation for antimony oxides were treated with a sodium oleate collector (with determined concentrations) at a specific pH by adding copper sulfate or lead nitrate activator, sodium oleate collector and humic acid and MIBC frother agent. The interaction between pH and activator concentration (BD) has a direct effect on the amount of concentrated antimony, with an increase in pH from 6 to 8 antimony when using an activator concentration of 300 g/t, and a decrease when using an activator concentration of 500 g/t. Flotation was done. In the best conditions, with two-stage flotation of antimony, 68.99% recovery and 13.32 grade were obtained.


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