Document Type : Case Study


1 Department of Mining Engineering, College of Engineering, Imam Khomeini International University, Qazvin, Iran

2 Department of Geology, Payam Noor University, Qazvin, Iran


The Ramand region is a part of the magmatic belt in Urmieh-Dokhtar structural zone in Iran, located in the SW of BuinـZahra. This area mainly consists of felsic extrusions such as rhyolites and rhyodacites. Argillic alterations with occurrences of mineralized silica veins are abundant in most of the volcanic units. In this research work, we used the GIS facilities for modeling the Ramand geo-spatial databases according to the Fuzzy logic algorithms. The main phase of mineralization occurred in the altered regions and is located near the cross cut fault systems. Therefore, the main criteria for integration were the geological, structural, geophysical, and remotely sensed (Landsat7, ETM+) layers. Also we used a contoured aeromagnetic map for revealing and weighting lineaments. By the Fuzzy techniques applied, all the evidential themes were integrated to prognosis of ore mineralization potentials based on γ = 0.75. As a result, the hydrothermal alterations and their relevant post-magmatic mineralization were introduced in the south and eastern parts of the Ramand region by the fuzzification procedures. Our highlighted recommendation for more exploration activities is focused on the geophysical land surveys (electric and magnetic fields), and the geochemical sampling from mineralized regions in the depth and outcrops of alterations.


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