Document Type : Case Study


Shahrood University


This study aims at presenting a numerical model for predicting grout flow and penetration length into the jointed rock mass using Universal Distinct Element Code (UDEC). The numerical model is validated using practical data and analytical method for grouting process. Input data for the modeling, including geomechanical parameters along with grout properties, were obtained from a case study. The effect of rock mass properties such as joint hydraulic aperture, spacing, trace length, orientation and grout properties as yield stress and water to cement, w/c ratio was considered on grout flow rate and penetration length. To illustrate the effect of aforementioned properties, models were constructed with dimensions of 40×20m. A vertical borehole with diameter of 60mm and 10m depth was drilled in a jointed rock media. The results were in a good agreement with analytical method. It was observed that by increasing joint hydraulic aperture, grouting flow increases using a power law function. The optimum grout penetration observed with joint sets intersection of 40°-60° as experienced in practice. With an increase in joint spacing grout penetration increases around borehole when spacing exceeds two meters it decreases, gradually.