The contamination of ores with wastes or materials of lower than the cut-off grade is referred to as dilution. Dilution is an undesirable phenomenon that, on one hand, reduces the product grade and, consequently, reduces the sales prices and, on the other hand, adds an extra cost to waste production. Therefore, studying and evaluating the dilution risk is important in mining, and especially in underground mining. In this work, using a powerful decision-making method, i.e. Multi-Attributive Approximation Area Comparison (MABAC), the dilution risk and ranking it in underground mines are assessed. For this purpose, the most important parameters affecting the dilution in 10 mines of the Venarch manganese mines are first identified and then weighed using the Fuzzy Delphi Analytical Hierarchy Analysis (FDAHP) method. Then using the MABAC method, the dilution risk score for each mine is estimated, and subsequently, various mines are ranked as the dilution risk. Then with the implementation of the Cavity Monitoring System (CMS) and measurement of the actual dilution values, the mines are ranked in dilution. The correct matching of the results of these two rankings indicates that the MABAC method is highly effective in the ranking of the risk. At the end, the risk ranking of the mines is done using the TOPSIS method, and the lack of full compliance with the results of this method with the actual values indicates that the MABAC method is preferable to the TOPSIS method.