School of Mining, Petroleum & Geophysics Engineering, University of Shahrood, Shahrood, Iran
Detection of subsurface structures by means of gravity method can be used to determine mass distribution and density contrast of rock units. This distribution could be detected by different geophysical methods, especially gravity method. However, gravity techniques have some drawbacks and can't be always successful in distinguishing subsurface structures. Performance of the gravity technique could be further improved by simultaneous combination and introducing additional information from other geophysical data. This study used existing relation between seismic and gravity methods to better clarify subsurface structures. This relationship relates mass distribution of the medium to velocity of wave propagation in that media. This method was applied on an area that consists of three mud volcanoes. After completion of the primary model by forward modeling, mass distribution and analysis of seismic velocity were provided on a 2-D profile. Bouguer anomaly map of gravity data of the area was obtained and negative anomalies were identified. These negative anomalies could be related to the existence of mud volcanoes. A 2-D seismic line was also acquired over the greatest mud volcano, as additional information for direct modeling. The Gardner equation was used for further velocity estimation by density values. This velocity model also compared with seismic velocity analysis for evaluation. The final results indicated that density modeling and the use of seismic velocity model increases the resolution of subsurface structures imaging. Separation of subsurface layers was implemented correctly in the velocity model resulting from gravity data and subsurface discontinuities of the area that become more obvious by this technique.