The kaolinitic clays have been exploited for more than a hundred years, in the western part of the Charentes Basin, France, and belong to a paleo-deltaic network. The recent deposits are relatively richer in alumina in comparison with the older ones. The genesis of the kaolin deposits of the Charentes Basin follows simple geological rules, but their detailed geometry has a great complexity, reinforced by the fact that one must distinguish very different clay qualities. The exploitation of the complex deposits which are buried in the deeper level needs the more powerful tools. The paper aims at analyzing the adequacy of the traditional method used in the exploitations of the kaolin deposits of the Charentes Basin in comparison with another method based on geostatistics to define criteria of selection and classification of reserves.