Utilization is one of the main managerial factors that is applied for construction process analysis well. It directly affects the project duration and construction costs. Therefore, a utilization study in tunneling projects is essential. In this work, the utilization of an earth pressure balance Tunnel Boring Machine (TBM) in Tabriz urban railway project was studied using the Monte Carlo simulation approach. For this purpose, the unit operation during one working shift such as boring time, ring building time, and locomotive travel time was recorded and saved in data base. In addition, the general down times such as TBM and back-up system maintenance, surface and tunnel logistic maintenance, cutting tools’ replacement, and locomotive delay times were recorded and considered in simulation. The results of this work show that the mean simulated project duration time of case study TBM is approximately 859 shifts and close to the real data with a difference of 0.92%. Finally, the average estimated utilization factor was found to be approximately 14%.