Document Type : Original Research Paper


Department of Mining Engineering, Hamedan University of Technology, Hamedan, Iran


Non-persistent joints are geologic occurrences in rocks that weaken pillars because they are present within them. Using practical tests and numerical models, it has been determined how edge notches affect the way pillars break. Gypsum samples that are notched and have dimensions of 70 mm by 70 mm by 50 mm are created. Gypsum's Young modulus, Poisson ratio, compressive strength, and tensile strength are 5.5 GPa, 0.27, 8 MPa, and 1.1 MPa, respectively. 10-, 20-, and 30-degree notch angles are used. The model receives an axial stress at a rate of 0.05 mm/min. On a rock pillar, numerical simulation is carried out concurrently with an experimental test. The findings indicate that the joint angle is mostly responsible for the failure process. The fracture pattern and failure mechanism of the pillars are connected to the compressive strengths of the specimens. At the notch points, two significant splitting tensile fractures spread vertically until coalescing with the top and lower boundaries of the models. On the left and right sides of the pillar, two rock columns are also taken out. The overall number of cracks rises as sample loading increases. The model's deformation at the start of loading reflect a linear elastic behavior, and the number of fractures steadily grows. When the number of cracks increases, the curve becomes non-linear, and the force being applied peaks. When the sample can no longer tolerate the applied force, a dramatic stress decrease occurs. The macro-failure over the whole model is what leads to the greater stress decrease following the peak load. In actuality, the reduced stress reduction is accompanied by more overall fractures. Similar findings are shown in both the experimental testing and numerical modeling.


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