Document Type : Review Paper


1 National Institute of Technology, Rourkela

2 NIT Rourkela, Department of Mining Engineering, India



The mining industry needs to accept new-age autonomous technologies and intelligent systems to stay up with the modernization of technology, to benefit the shake of investors and stakeholders, and most significantly, for the nation, and to protect health and safety. An essential part of geo-technical engineering is doing slope stability analysis to determine the likelihood of slope failure and how to prevent it. A reliable, cost-effective, and generally applicable technique for evaluating slope stability is urgently needed. Numerous research studies have been conducted, each employing a unique strategy. An alternate method that uses machine learning (ML) techniques is to study the relationship between stability conditions and slope characteristics by analyzing the data collected from slope monitoring and testing. This paper is an attempt by the authors to comprehensively review the literature on using the ML techniques in slope stability analysis. It was found that most researchers relied on data-driven approaches with limited input variables, and it was also verified that the ML techniques could be utilized effectively to predict slope failure analysis. SVM and RF were the most popular types of ML models being used. RMSE and AUC were used extensively in assessing the performance of the ML models.


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