Liner design is becoming an increasingly more important tool for the AG/SAG mill performance optimization. The Gol-E-Gohar iron ore concentration plant uses three 9 m × 2.05 m autogenous mills (AG) in parallel in a dry operation. Due to large variations in feed characteristics and inadequate blending, the performance of AG mills has been lower than the target value. In order to increase the circuit throughput while maintaining the desired product size, based upon physical and numerical simulations, it was proposed to convert the AG mills to SAG mills. Simulation of the charge trajectory indicated that increasing the liner lifter face angle from 7 to 30° could provide an appropriate charge trajectory in the SAG mode. Installation of the new liners and conversion of AG mill No. 2 to SAG mill, by adding 5% (v/v) balls, resulted in an overall increase of 31% in throughput (from 419 to 548 t/h). Measurement of the wear profiles of shell liners indicated that the wear along the liner length was not uniform. In order to arrive at a uniform wear profile, a new liner design was proposed. Installing the second liner design in AG mill No. 1 and converting it to SAG mill increased the mill throughput by 18% (from 413 to 489 t/h), while the liner life showed a 7% increase. Measurement of the wear profiles of the second liner set indicate that the maximum wear occurs in the centre of the mill. A new liner design was then designed by increasing the width of the lifter top from 12.5 to 15 cm and increasing the lifter height from 16 to 26 cm to enhance the liner life.